Facts about Vietnam trade and...
"We believe that current U.S. trade policies have resulted in
both gradual improvements in U.S.-Vietnamese relations in general and
proportional improvements in the effort to account for missing Americans
in particular." -- John E. Moon, Commander-In-Chief, Veterans
of Foreign Wars of the U.S., June 18, 1998
- Of 196 persons associated with "last known alive" cases
in Vietnam, fate has been determined for all but 41 as of February 2001.
- The U.S. and Vietnam have conducted 41 Joint Field Activities on POW/MIA
cases since 1993.
- Vietnam has unilaterally undertaken investigations in 216 cases since
1996; 27 were in 2000.
- Over 28,000 archival items have been reviewed and photographed since
January 1993 by joint U.S.-Vietnam research teams. Since 1993, 288 remains
have been repatriated with cooperation from Vietnamese authorities
- "[DoD] has had over 21,000 live-sighting reports of American
[prisoners alive in Southeast Asia]. We've investigated all of those.
None of those have borne fruit. We have no evidence that any American
is being held anywhere against their will at this time."
-- Bob Jones, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for POW and Missing
Personnel, November 17, 2000
"[There is] one factor that should be evident from our experience
in Vietnam -- engagement works
Vietnam's cooperation on emigration
policy is exemplary." -- The Hon. Douglas "Pete" Peterson,
U.S. Ambassador to Vietnam, former member of Congress, former POW, June
- Since 1998, the number of Vietnamese awaiting Vietnamese government
clearance for immigration interviews with U.S. authorities has declined
from 3,463 to 201.
- INS has interviewed over 18,000 returnees under the Resettlement Opportunities
for Vietnamese Returnees (ROVR) program, and 15,886 have departed for
the U.S. The ROVR program and the Orderly Departure Program are nearly
- The number of former re-education camp detainees not cleared for interview
has fallen from 2,461 to 635. The number of Montagnards not yet cleared
has dropped from 636 to 261.
- Over half a million Vietnamese have resettled in the United States
under the ODP program.
- "If not perfect, these are still impressive numbers. And because
it is likely that some of the 'un-cleared for interview' numbers include
people who simply cannot be located, the actual situation may be slightly
better than the numbers indicate. As is, the numbers reflect our assessment
that Vietnam's cooperation on emigration issues has been good."
-- Stanley Roth, Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian Affairs,
September 19, 2000
"Opening the country economically will increase the people's
power to make their own economic decisions. Integrating into the global
economy and increasing contact with developed countries will increase
the people's awareness of what it means to be modern. The sooner the trade
agreement is ratified and put into effect, the better." -- Dr.
Nguyen Dan Que, a prominent Vietnamese dissident.
- The policy of engagement with Vietnam is producing results:
- Last year, Vietnam liberalized its policy toward tolerating public
dissent and citizen protests. Outside the National Assembly hall, ordinary
citizens peacefully protested, calling for political and economic reforms
and denouncing local corruption.
- In 2000, Vietnam released nearly 20 religious or political prisoners,
and thousands of others from jail. 12 Hmong Protestants and 3 Catholic
priests were among those released. Participation in religious activities
continued to grow, and an estimated 200,000 Roman Catholics attended
the annual La Vang pilgrimage.
- The International Labor Organization (ILO) has opened an office in
Hanoi and is moving to assist Vietnam with implementing its new labor
law, including offering seminars on ILO conventions regarding child
labor. In 2000, the U.S. and Vietnam signed a Memorandum of Understanding
on labor cooperation. The U.S. will provide $3 million in technical
assistance (in collaboration with the ILO) in such areas as skills training,
eliminating child labor, development of unemployment insurance and pension
systems, and workplace education to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.
- In 1999, approximately 60 independently organized strikes occurred,
protesting unfair wages and working conditions in both state-owned and